Memcache

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

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4
gabriel dot maybrun at demandmedia dot com
3 years ago
GOTCHA: Recently I was tasked with moving from PECL memcache to PECL memcached and ran into a major problem -- memcache and memcached serialize data differently, meaning that data written with one library can't necessarily be read with the other library.

For example, If you write an object or an array with memcache, it's interpreted as an integer by memcached.  If you write it with memcached, it's interpreted as a string by memcache.

tl;dr - You can't safely switch between memcache and memcached without a either a cache flush or isolated cache environments.

<?php
$memcache
= new Memcache;
$memcacheD = new Memcached;
$memcache->addServer($host);
$memcacheD->addServers($servers);

$checks = array(
   
123,
   
4542.32,
   
'a string',
   
true,
    array(
123, 'string'),
    (object)array(
'key1' => 'value1'),
);
foreach (
$checks as $i => $value) {
    print
"Checking WRITE with Memcache\n";
   
$key = 'cachetest' . $i;
   
$memcache->set($key, $value);
   
usleep(100);
   
$val = $memcache->get($key);
   
$valD = $memcacheD->get($key);
    if (
$val !== $valD) {
        print
"Not compatible!";
       
var_dump(compact('val', 'valD'));
    }

    print
"Checking WRITE with MemcacheD\n";
   
$key = 'cachetest' . $i;
   
$memcacheD->set($key, $value);
   
usleep(100);
   
$val = $memcache->get($key);
   
$valD = $memcacheD->get($key);
    if (
$val !== $valD) {
        print
"Not compatible!";
       
var_dump(compact('val', 'valD'));
    }
}
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0
xrobau at gmail dot com
18 days ago
Note that the Memcache 3.0.8 module DOES NOT WORK WITH PHP 7 (or higher)

There is an open bug about this - see https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=72887 and over 1 year old at time of writing - however, it appears that development of this module has been abandoned and the MemcacheD module is now the only way to access Memcache through PHP.

If you are writing a NEW tool, and you want to use Memcache, use the MemcacheD library.  If you are trying to repair an old tool, you'll either have to stick with PHP 5.6, or, spend the time reworking your code to use MemcacheD.
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-18
Anonymous
2 years ago
I ran Gabriel's test above and had different results. I did find differences in the objects. For instance:
  'val' => string(7) "4542.32"
  'valD' => double(4542.32)

But, I think this could be resolved. Fairly easily.

The main issue with the test was that one port is used. I ran another instance of memcached on a different port and changed the code slightly.  I used this code and had better success:

$servers = array(array('localserv', 11212));
$memcache = new Memcache;
$memcacheD = new Memcached;
$memcache->addServer('localserv', 11211);
$memcacheD->addServers($servers);
$memcacheD->setOption(Memcached::OPT_BINARY_PROTOCOL, true);

$checks = array(
    123,
    4542.32,
    'a string',
    true,
    array(123, 'string'),
    (object)array('key1' => 'value1'),
);
foreach ($checks as $i => $value) {
    print "Checking WRITE with Memcache\n";
    $key = 'cachetest' . $i;
    $memcache->set($key, $value);
    usleep(100);
    $val = $memcache->get($key);
    $valD = $memcacheD->get($key);
    if ($val !== $valD) {
        print "Not compatible!";
        var_dump(compact('val', 'valD'));
    } else {
        print "WAS COMPAT\n";
    }

    print "Checking WRITE with MemcacheD\n";
    $key = 'cachetest' . $i;
    $memcacheD->set($key, $value);
    usleep(100);
    $val = $memcache->get($key);
    $valD = $memcacheD->get($key);
    if ($val !== $valD) {
        print "Not compatible!";
        var_dump(compact('val', 'valD'));
    } else {
        print "WAS COMPAT\n";
    }
}
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